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Manuscript in the Papal Palace (Palais des Papes), Avignon, France.<br />
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Avignon became the residence of the Popes in 1309, when the Gascon Bertrand de Goth, as Pope Clement V, unwilling to face the violent chaos of Rome after his election in 1305, moved the Papal Curia to Avignon, a period known as the Avignon Papacy.